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Genomic Science Program

Systems Biology for Energy and the Environment

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Genomic Science Program

2016 Awardee

Developing Non-food Grade Brassica Biofuel Feedstock Cultivars with High Yield, Oil Content, and Oil Quality that are Suitable for Low Input Production Dryland Systems

INVESTIGATORS: Jack Brown (PI), Jim B. Davis, Aaron Esser, Kurt Schroeder, Fangming Xiao, Zhang Zhiwu

INSTITUTIONS: University of Idaho, Moscow; Washington State University, Pullman

PROJECT SUMMARY: Non-food Brassica crops have potential to produce non-food oil feedstocks suitable for biofuel production. Developing oilseed Brassica cultivars with higher seed and oil yield, high oil quality, and blackleg resistance and grown with low input costs will reduce importation, help break our fossil fuels dependence, and increase national security.

In this project we will (1) Develop superior non-food grade oilseed cultivars suitable for a range of Pacific North West and other US environments with blackleg and abiotic stress resistance suitable for high-quality biofuel feedstocks; (2) Dissect genetic architecture of industrial Brassica oilseed germplasm for yield, quality, and resistance to blackleg fungus through a genome-wide association study with high-density genetic markers; (3) Develop and apply marker-assisted genomic selection techniques for blackleg resistance that will accelerate
development of disease resistant oilseed cultivars; and (4) Use bioinformatics to identify putative pattern recognition receptor (PRR) resistance genes that confer durable resistance to blackleg and use transgenic approaches to introgress PRR genes into adapted cultivar background.

This project will utilize germplasm and the long-term industrial oilseed breeding program at the UI and the agronomy and molecular biology expertise from the UI and WSU. The genetically superior Brassica non-food grade oilseed cultivars developed will drastically increase domestic
industrial oilseed production. In addition, we will identify new and novel plant resistance genes for blackleg resistance and molecular marker assisted selection tools to accelerate plant breeding procedures. Increased domestic production of biofuel feedstock oil will reduce dependence and importation of fossil fuels, increase fuel security, and ensure US agricultural competitiveness with foreign countries.

Name: Brown, Jack
Phone: 208- 885-7078


Genomics-Enabled Plant Biology for Determination of Gene Function Summary of Projects Awarded

Plant Feedstock Genomics for Bioenergy [01/19]

Lignocellulosic Biomass for Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts: Workshop Report [2/15]

  • Genomics-Enabled Plant Biology for Determination of Gene Function DE-FOA-0002601 [12/16/21]
  • Systems Biology-Enabled Microbiome Research to Facilitate Predictions of Interactions and Behavior in the Environment DE-FOA-0002602 [12/15/21]
  • Biosystems Design to Enable Safe Production of Next-Generation Biofuels, Bioproducts, and Biomaterials DE-FOA-0002600 [12/13/21]
  • SBIR/STTR Funding Call for Climate, Energy and Scientific R&D DE-FOA-0002555 [12/13/21]
  • Quantum-Enabled Bioimaging and Sensing Approaches for Bioenergy DE-FOA-0002603 [11/15/21]
  • NAS Report: Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology. More »
  • JBEI's Jay Keasling named Office of Science Distinguished Scientist Fellow. More »
  • DOE BER Early Career Research Funding Opportunity Preapplications due Oct. 21. More »
  • Systems Biology of Bioenergy-Relevant Microbes Projects Awarded. [7/21] More »
  • BER Bioimaging Science Program announces new awards. [7/21] More »
  • DOE BER Request for Information – Responses due by 10- 31-21. More »
  • DOE BER Awards $45.5 Million [6/21] More »
  • More News and Announcements »

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